The capital city of Hungary, Budapest, was created out of the unification of the separate historic towns of Buda, Pest and Óbuda in 1873. Whilst the area had been inhabited from early times, it was from this date that the city's expansion into a world capital really began. Budapest is bisected by the River Danube, with the city as much a natural geographical centre as it is the country's transport hub. Covering an area of two hundred square miles and divided into 23 administrative districts, it is home today to a population of 1.8 million people.
Budapest has a temperate continental climate. Seasons are usually well defined, with July and August the hottest months (28-30° C, 82-86° F) and December and January the coldest, when temperatures may fall to -15° C or just +5° F. Average sunshine from April to September is in excess of eight hours a day.
Budapest is in the Central European Time Zone. In the winter months this means clocks are set at GMT + 1 hour, and in the summer (March to the end of October) GMT + 2 hours.
Public holidays are observed on the three national holidays (15th March, 20th August and 23rd October), on 1st May, and on the main religious festivals and holidays (New Year's Day, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday, Whitsunday and Whit Monday, All Saints' Day, Christmas Day and Boxing Day).
Electricity Voltage in Hungary is 230 volts, and plugs are of the two-pin continental type.
The international telephone code for Hungary is 36, the area code for Budapest is 1. To call a number within Hungary, first dial 06. Budapest telephone numbers comprise seven digits, all other areas' have six digits (excluding the area code in both cases). To make an international call from Hungary, first dial 00, then the country code followed by the area code and the subscriber's telephone number. Public telephones accept either coins (20, 50, and 100 forints) or telephone cards (available from tobacconists, newsagents, post offices, and petrol stations). Cheap rate runs at night and on public holidays. To call a (Hungarian) mobile telephone, first dial 06, followed by the subscriber's seven-digit number starting with either 20-, 30- or 70-.